Surrogacy Medical Testing: Types and Timelines

CFC MarketingIntended Parents, IVF & Pregnancy, Surrogates

5/5 - (4 votes)

Medical testing plays a pivotal role in the world of surrogacy, ensuring the health and safety of both the surrogate and the intended parents. This comprehensive guide explores the significance of medical testing in surrogacy, delves into various types of medical screenings, and emphasizes the importance of adhering to specific testing timelines to guarantee the well-being of all parties involved.

Importance of Medical Testing in Surrogacy

Surrogacy is a complex journey that involves the hopes and dreams of both surrogate mothers and intended parents. One of the core tenets of this process is the assurance of everyone’s health and safety. Medical testing plays a critical role in achieving these objectives by addressing the following key areas:

  1. Surrogate Health
    The physical and emotional health of the surrogate is paramount. Thorough medical evaluations ensure that the surrogate is fit for the surrogacy journey, both mentally and physically.
  2. Intended Parents’ Health
    Equally important is the assessment of the intended parents’ health, as it can have implications on the overall success of the surrogacy arrangement.
  3. Child’s Wellbeing
    Genetic screenings and medical tests not only evaluate the surrogate and intended parents but also ensure the child’s well-being from the very beginning.

Types of Medical Testing in Surrogacy

A range of medical tests and screenings are part of the journey for surrogacy in Canada, each serving a specific purpose. These tests can be broadly categorized into the following:

Initial Medical Screening

  • The surrogacy process typically begins with general health assessments for the surrogate. This includes evaluating factors like blood pressure, BMI, and overall physical fitness.
  • Comprehensive blood tests are conducted to identify infectious diseases and ensure the surrogate’s overall health. This step also involves screening for drugs and nicotine use.
  • The reproductive health of the surrogate is closely examined during a gynecology examination to ensure that she is physically capable of carrying a child to term.

Fertility Evaluation

  • Hormone levels play a crucial role in a woman’s ability to conceive and carry a child. Hormonal tests, including FSH, LH, and Estradiol, provide insights into the surrogate’s hormonal health.
  • Ultrasound examinations are performed to check the health and structure of the uterus. This ensures that the surrogate’s reproductive system is suitable for a successful pregnancy.

PGS Test

Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS) is a powerful genetic test often performed during IVF treatment to screen for numerical chromosomal abnormalities in embryos. It helps identify chromosomally normal embryos and is a crucial step in the surrogacy process.

The Harmony Test

The Harmony prenatal test is a non-invasive prenatal test that assesses the baby’s DNA in the mother’s blood. It provides important screening for chromosomes 21, 13, 18, and sex chromosomes. It also helps identify the sex of the baby and offers high detection rates for trisomy 21, 18, and 13.


Panorama is a non-invasive prenatal test that can be conducted as early as nine weeks into pregnancy. This test is highly accurate and identifies more than 99% of pregnancies affected by Down syndrome, with a very low false positive rate. It also screens for trisomy 21, 18, and 13.

Nuchal Translucency Screening

A Nuchal Translucency scan, performed between 11 and 14 weeks of gestation, assesses the thickness of the nuchal translucency, which can indicate potential abnormalities in the fetus.

Medical Testing in the Fertility Industry

In the world of surrogacy, adherence to medical testing timelines and guidelines is crucial. The safety and health of all parties involved, including the surrogate, intended parents, and most importantly, the child, are of utmost importance. By embracing surrogacy best practices and prioritizing health in surrogacy, individuals can embark on this journey with confidence, knowing that their medical testing schedules are designed to ensure a successful surrogacy experience. It is a testament to the commitment of Canadian surrogacy laws and recommendations to prioritizing the health and safety of everyone involved in the surrogacy process.